Anthropocentrism is not necessarily the enemy, and has in fact enabled
healthier forms of necropolitics as well as environmental consciousness
itself. Historically, it has been a key element in the persuasive rhetoric of
those who truly care for the environment, and it has helped their arguments resonate with potential allies. Anthropocentrism and anthropomorphism are the foundation of empathy, connectedness, and investment in the natural world. To be sure, they are not useful concepts for scientific study, but they are of great use in poetics and aesthetics. Much of ecological struggle is being fought in this nonrational territory—which leads us next to ask: Is there a human tendency toward the nonrational?